The association of mother’s knowledge with Prevalence of Malnutrition Among Under Five Children of Age in Kosti Locality, White Nile State, Sudan
Malnutrition is one of the main health problems which develop due to insufficient food nutrients supplied to the body. Mothers are first responsible for baby’s nutritional status, and they have sufficient nutrition information to protect their children from malnutrition. The objective of the study to assess the mothers nutritional knowledge and it association with prevalence of children malnutrition, A cross-sectional community based study was conducted from 15 December to 31 January 2021, multistage cluster sampling technique followed by simple random sampling was used to select 807 children from households/care takers. Data were collected by well-trained health workers and four qualified dietician workers under regular supervision. Data were entered to manage and analysis by use EPI-INFO version 10 software packages and SPSS version 24.0. Structured questionnaire and anthropometric measurement were collected using the procedure stipulated by the WHO (2006), Associations of variables were computed using the Chi-square, 95% CI with P value less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Study findings that 51.4%, 60.7% and 61.1% of the under-ﬁve children were stunted, underweight and wasted respectively, The mean ± SD score of knowledge was 12 ± 2.2 , 46.4% , 31.0% and 22.6 % were poor , moderate and good knowledge respectively, Therefore the poor mothers knowledge were significant associated with stunting(p<0.05=0.000),underweight (p<0.05=0.016) and wasting (p<0.05=0.000 , as conclusion, there was association of mothers knowledge with prevalence of malnutrition, There were several factors affected the knowledge of mothers, including age, educational level, exclusive breastfeeding and, source of knowledge.