The Influence of Jihad on the Unification of the British-Northern Cameroons with the Federation of Nigeria: 1945-1945


  • Adamu Sani Buba
  • Amina Ramat Saidu


This article examines the Influence of Jihad during the first and second plebiscite, which was sponsored by the United Nations, under the British mandate for the part of the Northern section of former British-Cameroons, and of the former United Nations trust territory that was unified with the Federation of Nigeria, in 1961. This region, with its diversity in both ethnic and geographical compositions, was considered as a large whole because of the nature of its common historical root. The territory was quite remarkable with a unique historical occurrence. It was once a catalog of slaves for the Fulani and the Kanuri rulers of the trust territory, perhaps, except for the Kanuri Empire of Dikwa emirate. Similarly, it was a German Protectorate; later transformed into a League of Nations mandate; furthermore, hitherto metamorphosed, turn out to be a United Nations trust territory, before it was finally unified with Northern Nigeria and part of the Federation of Nigeria in 1961. We may infer that no part of Nigeria has experienced such a significant historical feel. More especially, the influence of 19th-century Jihad had a very serious repercussion on the unification process without which would have been rather difficult in a region where most of the people remained non-Muslims. Undoubtedly, before the plebiscite, almost all the rulers of the territory accepted Islam and continued to spread their new faith, the result of which forced the minority ethnic extraction to escape the jihad for fear of been involved in the jihad, or both thereby restricted themselves to the mountain-top.